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The colours of the flag of the Republic of Senegal were chosen in 1960. They are the actual Panafrican colours set like the three-coloured French pattern, with three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red with a small green five-pointed star of liberty and progress centered in the yellow band.
History of the flag
On 4 April, 1959, French Sudan and Senegal formed the Mali Federation. The federation became independent on 20 June, 1960, and Senegal seceded from it on 22 August 1960, at which point it replaced the federation flag with similar tricolour with a green star, instead of the kanaga (black human-like image) in the Federation flag.
The Senegalese Coat of Arms was adopted December 1965.
|Mali Federation Flag - the predessor of the Senegalese Flag
|The Senegal Flag
Senegal's Coat of Arms
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The first two presidents of Senegal had their own flags with initials of the president in black added around the star. The current President, Abdoulaye Wade has decided NOT to put his initials on the flag.
The Presidents of Senegal have been:
|Flag of President Senghor
|Flag of President Diouf
|The National Anthem of Senegal should be playing.
Adopted in 1960. Words by LÉOPOLD SÉDAR SENGHOR (1906-), former President of the Republic of Senegal. Music by Herbert Peppert.
Fibres de mon cœur vert.
Épaule contre épaule, mes plus que frères,
O Sénégalais, debout !
Unissons la mer et les sources,
unissons la steppe et la forêt!
Salut Afrique mère, salut Afrique mère.
Fibres of my green heart.
Shoulder to shoulder, O people of Sénégal,
more than brothers to me, arise!
Unite the sea and the springs,
Unite the steppe and the forest!
Hail, mother Africa, Hail, mother Africa!
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